Scale also means ladder in latin

Imagine music as ladder & each rung is a note.

Like a ladder, musical notes can only go up or down in pitch.

There are only 12 different notes in music so there are only 12 rungs on the ladder.

Let me repeat that a little louder THERE ARE ONLY 12 DIFFERENT NOTES IN MUSIC!!!

Not much right : )

All we do in music is climb up & down the ladder either in sequence e.g. 1 2 3 4 3 2 1

or by jumps

eg. 1 3 5 7 5 3 1

In a piece of music we commonly use a selection of notes rather than all 12.

Similar to cooking, you wouldn’t throw all the ingredients

you have in the cupboard in a stir fry, It may not taste great.

Its common to use only a few ingredients in cooking thus

its common to use only 7 of the 12 notes in music.

We call these 7 notes a scale, the most common scale is the major scale.

Scale means Ladder in Latin

If we number these major scale notes they will be 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 then

back to 1 where the scale begins again.

Here is our updated major scale ladder

We also number the other 5 notes missing notes.

The complete selection looks like this.

1 b2 2 b3 3 4 b5 5 b6 6 b7 7

This is called a chromatic scale, meaning all the notes.

Notice the red notes have lower case “b” this a flat symbol

The flat “b” means "lower in pitch"; the flat symbol lowers a note by one rung on the ladder.

The sharp “#” means "higher in pitch"; the sharp symbol raises a note by one rung on the ladder.

Here is our updated chromatic scale ladder